TATTVA – DARSHAN
(1) Nine categories: Seven elements:-
All the philosophical and ethical aspects of Jainis are found in nine categories/essential objects/padarthas inclusive of seven elements:
1. Jiva (soul, (2) ajiva (non soul) (3) Asrva (influx of karmas in to the soul) (4) papa (vice/sins/inauspicious karmas) (5) punya (virtues/meritorious karmas/auspicious karmas) (6) bandh (association / bondage of karmas with soul) (7) Samvara (stoppage/checking the influx of karmas) (8) Nirjara (shedding or removal of karmas from soul) and (9) Moksha (liberation/emancipation/salvation of soul from karmic bondage).