417. The impure soul gets imbibed with the thought nature of indifference (Madhyastha-bhava/moderation/tolerance) due to the exercise of discriminatory knowledge (Bheda-jnan), that results in (Right) conduct), self analysis and repentenence for faults (pratikarmana) etc. (i.e. six necessary duties) are being, hereby, discussed.
418. He who meditates upon the nature of pure self (soul) and renounces the thought nature of non self is self controlled (Atma-vasi/selfwilled). His observances are designated as “Essential-duties”.
419. If you desire to do the essential duties such as self analysis and Expiation (Pratikarmana), you shouldst establish/settle in the nature of self. In this manner, these soul would be replete with Equanimity (smayika). It is imbibed with Equality.
420. A saint who does not (regularly and properly) perform his essential duties is defiles (Bhrastta/fallen/corrupt/depraved). Hence, one should definitely perform them in aforementioned manner.
421. Such a saint, who discharges the essential duties such as self analysis and Expiation (that are parts of (the code of) Real conduct) ascends succeeds in climbing) on the conduct of the nonattached saints.
422. (But) the lunguistic (vacana-maya/wordy) self analysis and Expiation (pratikramana) linguistic (vacana manner) self meditation (Pratyakhyana); linguistic (vacan-maya), regulation; and linguistic (vacan-maya) confession of faults to the head of the order (alocana) all these are parts of studies (swadhyaya); they do not constitute (Real).
423. Hence, perform meditative self analysis and Expiation (Dhyana-maya pratikramana) etc. in case thou art so capable or it is possible to be done. If thou art not so capable; for the time being thou shouldst repoes faith in it. That is also good and creditable.
424. The essential duties (Avasyakas) (of a saint) are six:-
1. Equanimity in friends and foes (samayiki);
2. Prayer of twenty four jinas (stava);
3. Worship of twenty four jivas (Vandana);
4. Self analysis and Expiation (Pratikramana);
5. Mortification of self (Kayatsarg/penance); and
6. Self meditation (Pratya khyana).
425. Equanimity (samayika) consists of giving equal treatment to a blade of grass and a piece of gold or to a friend and a foe. (In other words), it is equivalent to a mind, dominated by proper inclinations/trends/tendencies, a mind that is free of the (abhiswanga) of attachments and aversions.
426. He who renounces the activity of speaking (In other words who maintains silence) and meditates upon soul in dispassionate/unattached manner, gets united with self (or becomes equanimous).
427. The rule of the omniscient (kevali) maintains : The equanimity of a saint, - who has given up all activities (Arambh) who is established in three preservations/disciplines (Guptiyukta-; and who has fully command over his senses (jitendriya)-is permanent/stablished.
428. The rule of the omniscient (kevali) maintains; the equanimity of a saint,-who treats all the one sensed to five sensed living beings as equals is permanent (sthayi).
429. The second essential duty (Avasyat) of a saint named ‘Chaturvinsati-stavan’ consists of the etymological explanations (nirukti) of the names of twenty four tirthankar and the obeisance to them with all the purity of mind, speech and body. By means of narrations given or songs sung in their praise (kirtan) and the worship (puja archna) there of with the offerings of incense flower, rice etc.
430. The self analysis and expiations, before the Head of the order by a saint for his faults (Pratikramana) consists of the purification process which includes confession (Alochana) and condemnation of faults (errors), committed through mind, speech and body as regards his conduct as a full vower.
431. The subjective self analysis and Expiation (for faults) of (a saint consists of criticism condemnation and censuring of the faults of conduct and the (Consequential) resolve not to repeat them. The rest (i.e. the reading of the text of Expiations etc.) is mere objective self analysis and Expiation, (pratikaramana).
432. The real/substantial self analysis and Expiations (Pratikramana) consists of self contemplation by one who keeps him self away from the thoughts and attitudes of attachment etc. and who does not (merely) repeat the linguistic-compositions, concerned.
433. The self meditating saint renounces all error (faults). Hence such self meditation is (or amounts to) the best expiations of all error (or faults).
434 The essential duty of penace/self-mortification (kayotaga) consists of giving up (or renouncing) all attachment with body, while reflecting upon the attributes of Shri jinendra deva for a period of 27 breathings or some other appropriate period during the expiations by day night, fortnight, month, quarter etc. in accordance with rules prescribed in sacred texts (sacred-books).
435. A saint, who is established in penance (kayotsarg) bears all the god made manmade, animalmade and natural disturbances (upsarg/harassment) peacefully uncomplainingly and equanimously. (Sambhava purvaka).
436. The essential duty of self meditation (pratyakhyana) of a saint consists of meditation of soul by one who gives up all desires for speaking (expression) and who prevents al the good and bad (inflow of) karmas, not yet to fruitoned.
437. The meditating wise man reflects as follows – ‘I’ am that supreme element (paramtattva who perceives all and knows all; who never parts with his self accepts non self”.
438. He also thinks; “I fully renounce all my wrong/evil conduct from mind speech and body; and resort to (adopt) threefold equanimity of mind, speech and body (trividha-samayik) in a desireless manner.